Green peas are known as garden peas which are originally cultivated for its green pods. These vegetables belong to the leguminous family. They are used in vegetable cooking, soups and frozen canned food. Here we discuss about Types of Peas and How to Cultivate the Peas. Green pea husk is a nutritious fodder and can be used for fodder for any animal (livestock). Peas are an excellent season crop that farmers should ripe before the weather turns warm. The ideal growing temperature of peas is 55°F to 70°F (13-21°C). Farmers sow the peas 6 weeks before the average last frost date in spring. Snap peas and garden peas are grown in their peeled seeds or pea pods. Farmers grow snow peas for their flat, green pods. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Maharashtra are the pea producing states.
About Peas :
Peas are weak-stemmed vine annuals with leaf-like stipules, one to three pairs of leaflets, and tendrils used for climbing. Peas grow 6-10 peas or seeds in a pod. The seeds are either wrinkled or smooth, depending on the variety. Garden peas are also called English peas, snaps, also known as sugar peas.
These are harvested when the pods are 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm.) long, and the pods have emerged before the pods dry out. Finally, snap or sugar and snow peas are grown for their edible pods. They are harvested when the pods are 1½ to 2½ inches (4-6 mm) long and the peas are barely visible inside.
The cultivation operation needs equipment that should be trustworthy for every Indian farmer; therefore, we suggest the Mahindra tractor, which is the best for Indian farmers and is often used in farming. Along with this, the Mahindra tractor is also the best.
There are 3 Types of Peas to Grow – Shelling, Snow, and Snap. That Below Describes :-
Types of Peas and How to Cultivate the Peas In India. Shelling peas are classic garden peas. There are mid-season and late and early varieties; There are bushy and tall types. When the pod is full of round seeds, remove the peel. Petit pois are varieties of shelling pea that produce small pods, which are just 2 or 3 inches (5-7.5 cm.). Types of Peas and How to Cultivate the Peas In India.
Snow peas are not shells; These peas are served raw or lightly stir-fried. The pods will be 2 -3 inches long (5-7.5 cm.), with tiny seeds barely raised in the pods. There are both bush and tall varieties. Snow peas sometimes have fibrous strands that must be removed.
These peas are then pods when they are carnivorous. Snap peas can eat raw or lightly steamed. Snap peas grow in the shape of a shrub, 2 to 3 feet (61–91 cm).
Planting Peas :
Farmers grow the peas in loamy, rich soil that is well-drained. They can produce peas earlier when planted in sandy soil. Farmers can plant late crops in heavy, loamy soils—plant peas in full sun or partial shade. Peas prefer a pH soil 5.5 to 6.8. Grow the peas supported by poles, a trellis, or a fence.
Peas are a cool-season crop that must be ripe before the weather warms. The ideal peas’ growing temperature is 55°F to 70°F (13-21°C). However, if you reside in a mild-winter area, sow peas, and it comes to harvest when temperatures exceed 55°F (13°C).
For winter growing, sow peas seeds that are round, not wrinkled. Round seed can tolerate wet and cold soil better than wrinkled seed. (However, peas with wrinkled seeds are sweeter.) Round varieties of peas are sometimes called “earliest”—for early or early harvest. Look for peas varieties that are ready to harvest in 55 to 60 days.
How to Plant and Space Peas :
Sow peas seed 2 inches (5cm) deep, in rows 2 to 3 inches (5-7cm) apart, supported by a mesh, netting, or wire or string support. Sow two seeds in each hole. Space rows 18- 24 inches (46-61cm) apart. Sow the pole or vine varieties in a circle around a pole or pole. Farmers sow the seeds 8 to 10 inches (20-25 cm) from the poles to the 8 strongest plants. Soak the seeds for 4- 6 hours before sowing.
Caring For Peas
Keep the soil evenly moist for Cultivate the Peas. Do not let the soil dry out. Avoid weeding the plants when flowering, or the crop may be reduced. Before sowing, add old manure and old manure to the sown beds. Side dress plants with aged compost in mid-season.
More growing tips at Peas Tips
Use a net or pole to support the pea vines. Farmers can grow peas without support; However, they will grow and produce much better with support. Cultivate slowly to avoid damaging the delicate roots.
Aphids, rabbits, and birds can attack peas—control aphids by pinching the infected foliage or removing them. Use bird nets to keep birds away.
Peas are susceptible to rot, wilting, blight, mosaic and mildew. Plant disease-resistant varieties and plant peas in well-draining soil to avoid root rot disease. Avoid handling the vines when it is wet. Remove and destroy diseased plants.
Peas cultivation needs several types of equipment, which play an indispensable role in the processing of agriculture. Tractor, Implements and harvesters are the core of peas cultivation; therefore, we suggest the Powertrac Tractor, better for enhancing efficiency in this farming.
For more information regarding peas cultivation, stay tuned with us.