Understanding the Kidney and Kidney Disorders!
Here we are going to know all about kidneys.
Your body is like a factory that contains several machines, all of which need the energy to work together smoothly.
The energy comes from the food you eat.
The food is broken down, during digestion, into energy‐containing substances that pass into your bloodstream.
There are two kidneys, each about four to five inches long and about six ounces in weight.
They lie in the abdomen underneath the liver on the right and the spleen on the left.
Each kidney contains about one million tiny filtering units,
known as glomeruli, which remove the waste material and excess water from the blood to form urine.
With all these intricacies of the kidney, it’s no wonder the kidney is susceptible to nearly a hundred disorders,
diseases, and conditions that can lead to progressive destruction of the kidneys.
The breakdown that defines the syndrome of diabetes accepts spots in and around the glomeruli.
The injury is usually the outcome of an epidemic affected by unusual proteins that serve tied in the glomeruli.
In a healthy kidney, the blood passes
through the glomeruli, and certain
chemicals, not all of them waste
products are filtered out.
Most of the water and certain chemicals
such as glucose that is useful to the body
is then returned to your bloodstream.
If more and more of the glomeruli are
damaged, the affected kidneys become
less and less efficient as a filter and
regulator of the chemical content of your
Waste products accumulate and cause
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Five stages of kidney disease in people with diabetes
Is marked by an increased blood flow
through the glomeruli, which increases pressure in the kidneys and makes them
Many people with diabetes never advance beyond stage I.
Defined as small amounts of albumin ﴾a blood protein﴿ leaking into the urine.
This protein loss is known as
People with diabetes can stay for many years in stage II.
Characterized by increased damage to the glomeruli.
Some patients now also develop hypertension.
Detecting albumin is done with a urine dipstick test.
Blood tests will reveal higher creatinine and urea nitrogen levels, waste products that healthy kidneys would eliminate.
Blood levels in stage IV show even higher creatinine and urea nitrogen levels.
Urine protein markedly increases as the
glomeruli lose their blood‐filtering capabilities.
Hypertension is almost certain.
In stage V, kidney function has fallen to less than 25% of normal.
Stage V is considered End-Stage Renal Disease ﴾ESRD﴿
when kidney function is 10% of normal and dialysis or kidney transplant is required.
Diabetes and hypertension are the top hypertension ﴾high blood pressure﴿ can be both a cause and effect of kidney damage.
High blood anxiety makes your
heart job harder and, over the moment, can injury blood vessels throughout your body.
If the blood vessels in your kidneys are
injured, they may end reducing trash and more sap from your body.
The additional sap in your blood vessels may then increase blood pressure surplus.
The result is a very unhealthy cycle.
The key to kidney disease is early detection.
The decent path to ensure ahead detection of kidney dysfunction is by achieving a urine test that calculates the levels of a protein called microalbumin.